Code of Ordinances

of Union County, Illinois.

Ordinance Chapter: Article IV - Truancy and Curfew Code

If a minor is detained for a peri­od of time in excess of one (1) hour which requires the super­vi­sion of the minor by per­son­nel of the Police Depart­ment, the par­ent, cus­to­di­an, guardian or oth­er adult hav­ing legal care or cus­tody of the minor shall be joint­ly and sev­er­al­ly liable for the costs there­fore.  The par­ent, cus­to­di­an, guardian or oth­er adult hav­ing legal care or cus­tody of the minor who has com­mit­ted any offense of this Code shall be assessed and billed for the costs; the costs shall be recov­er­able in any action enforc­ing any pro­vi­sion of this Code or in a sep­a­rate civ­il action.  In addi­tion, the fail­ure to pay the costs shall con­sti­tute a vio­la­tion of this Code and sub­ject the vio­la­tor to the penal­ties described with­in Sec­tion 26–4‑6 above.  In the event any action is filed, the liable par­ty shall be respon­si­ble for all court costs and any rea­son­able attorney’s fees incurred by the Coun­ty in collecting.

(A) Any per­son who vio­lates any pro­vi­sion of this Arti­cle shall, upon con­vic­tion there­of, be fined as pro­vid­ed in Sec­tion 1–1‑20 of this Code.  (See also Sec­tion 1–1‑20)

(B) In lieu of or in addi­tion to a fine, a minor may be ordered to attend coun­sel­ing or to per­form ten (10) hours of court approved com­mu­ni­ty ser­vice dur­ing times oth­er than the minor’s hours of school atten­dance and/or the minor’s par­ent, cus­to­di­an, guardian or oth­er adult hav­ing legal care or cus­tody of the minor may be ordered to attend a par­ent­ing class or series of par­ent­ing class­es or oth­er coun­sel­ing approved by the court or rec­om­mend­ed by the Tru­an­cy Review Board or to attend any pro­gram direct­ly relat­ed to improv­ing school atten­dance and/or performance.

(C) In addi­tion to any penal­ty imposed pur­suant to (A) or (B) above, the minor’s par­ents, cus­to­di­an, guardian or oth­er adult hav­ing legal care or cus­tody of the minor may be ordered to pay all amounts imposed as civ­il lia­bil­i­ty under Sec­tion 26–4‑7 hereinafter.

Every mem­ber of the Police Depart­ment while on duty is here­by autho­rized as follows:

(A) For the first offense of any minor vio­lat­ing the pro­vi­sions of this Code, to issue to the minor a cita­tion, in writ­ing, in the same form as described in para­graph (C) below.  For a sec­ond offense, the law enforce­ment offi­cer is autho­rized to tem­porar­i­ly detain any minor vio­lat­ing the pro­vi­sions of this Code (regard­less of whether a cita­tion is imme­di­ate­ly issued) until the par­ent, cus­to­di­an or guardian of the minor shall take him or her into cus­tody, but such offi­cer shall imme­di­ate­ly upon tak­ing cus­tody of the minor rea­son­ably attempt to com­mu­ni­cate with the par­ent, cus­to­di­an or guardian of the minor unless sub­para­graph (E) here­in is applic­a­ble.  A par­ent, cus­to­di­an or guardian must take cus­tody of the minor with­in one (1) hour of the time of notice or be sub­ject to a charge of Twen­­­ty-Five Dol­lars ($25.00) per hour as here­inafter provided.

(B) When­ev­er a Police Offi­cer or Tru­ant Offi­cer wit­ness­es or has knowl­edge based on rea­son­able grounds of a vio­la­tion of this Code by any per­son, such per­son may be issued a cita­tion.  A cita­tion or com­plaint may be made to a Police Offi­cer or Tru­ant Offi­cer by any person.

(C) A cita­tion issued here­un­der this shall be in writ­ing and shall:

  1. state the name of the per­son being cit­ed and the person’s address if known;
  2. set forth the spe­cif­ic sec­tion of this Code that was vio­lat­ed, the date of the vio­la­tion and a brief descrip­tion of the violation;
  3. be signed by the issu­ing Police Offi­cer, Tru­ant Offi­cer or com­plain­ing party.

In each instance where a cita­tion is issued to a minor for vio­la­tion of this Code a minor’s par­ent, cus­to­di­an or guardian shall be pro­vid­ed a copy of the cita­tion noti­fy­ing the par­ent, cus­to­di­an or guardian of the charge made against the minor.

(D) A minor cit­ed for a cita­tion under this Code must attend a court hear­ing or Tru­an­cy Review Board hear­ing on the cita­tion and must be accom­pa­nied at the hear­ing by his or her par­ent, cus­to­di­an, guardian or oth­er adult per­son hav­ing the legal care and cus­tody of the minor.  If any such per­son fails to attend any court hear­ing with the minor, and unless the inter­est of jus­tice would oth­er­wise be served, the court may con­tin­ue the hear­ing and shall issue a Notice or a Rule to Show Cause to the per­son direct­ing that said per­son to appear at the con­tin­ued hear­ing with the minor.  Fail­ure of the per­son to there­after appear shall sub­ject said per­son to sanc­tions for con­tempt of court as deter­mined by the court.

(E) Every mem­ber of the Police Depart­ment while on duty is here­by autho­rized to tem­porar­i­ly detain any minor vio­lat­ing the pro­vi­sions of Sec­tion 26–4‑3 of this Code, regard­less of whether a cita­tion is issued, and to deliv­er and sur­ren­der the minor to the law­ful author­i­ties of the school that the minor would nor­mal­ly attend.

It is unlaw­ful for any own­er, oper­a­tor or any employ­ee of an estab­lish­ment to allow a minor to be present or to remain upon the premis­es of the estab­lish­ment in vio­la­tion of Sec­tions 26–4‑2 or 26–4‑3 above dur­ing cur­few or tru­an­cy hours.

It is a defense to pros­e­cu­tion, under this sub­para­graph if the own­er, oper­a­tor or employ­ee of the estab­lish­ment imme­di­ate­ly upon dis­cov­ery of a minor rea­son­ably believed to be in vio­la­tion of Sec­tions 26–4‑2 or 26–4‑3 noti­fied a law enforce­ment agency that a minor was present on the premis­es of the estab­lish­ment dur­ing cur­few or tru­an­cy hours and refused to leave the estab­lish­ment after being advised to do so by the own­er, oper­a­tor or employee.

(A) It is unlaw­ful for any minor who is sub­ject to com­pul­so­ry edu­ca­tion or to com­pul­so­ry con­tin­u­a­tion edu­ca­tion by statute or court order to be present in any pub­lic place or on the premis­es of any estab­lish­ment with­in the Coun­ty dur­ing tru­an­cy cur­few hours.

(B) It is unlaw­ful for any par­ent, cus­to­di­an or guardian of a minor to know­ing­ly per­mit, or by insuf­fi­cient con­trol to allow, the minor to be present in any pub­lic place or on the premis­es of any estab­lish­ment with­in the Coun­ty dur­ing tru­an­cy cur­few hours.

(C) It is a defense to pros­e­cu­tion under this Sec­tion or Sec­tion 26–4‑4 that the minor was:

  1. accom­pa­nied by a par­ent, guardian, cus­to­di­an or respon­si­ble adult if engaged in an activ­i­ty which would con­sti­tute an excused absence from the school from which the minor would nor­mal­ly attend;
  2. involved in an emergency;
  3. going to or return­ing from a med­ical appoint­ment with­out any detour or stop;
  4. engaged in, going to or return­ing home from an employ­ment activ­i­ty pur­suant to a coop­er­a­tive school voca­tion pro­gram with­out any detour or stop;
  5.  in pos­ses­sion of valid proof that the minor is a stu­dent who has per­mis­sion to leave the school campus;
  6. a bona fide par­tic­i­pant in an alter­na­tive edu­ca­tion or home school­ing program;
  7. engaged in or sub­ject to an autho­rized or excused absence from the school which the minor attends, includ­ing but not lim­it­ed to lunch peri­ods. 

(A) It is unlaw­ful for any minor to be present in any pub­lic place or on the premis­es of any estab­lish­ment with­in the Coun­ty dur­ing cur­few hours.

(B) It is unlaw­ful for any par­ent or guardian or cus­to­di­an of a minor to know­ing­ly per­mit, or by insuf­fi­cient con­trol to allow, the minor to be present in any pub­lic place or on the premis­es of any estab­lish­ment with­in the Coun­ty dur­ing cur­few hours.

(C) It is a defense to pros­e­cu­tion under Sec­tion 26–4‑2(A) and (B) or Sec­tion 26–4‑4 (here­inafter) that the minor was:

  1. accom­pa­nied by the minor’s par­ent, guardian, cus­to­di­an or respon­si­ble adult;
  2. on an errand at the direc­tion of the minor’s par­ent, guardian, cus­to­di­an or respon­si­ble adult; with­out any detour or stop;
  3.  in a motor vehi­cle involved in inter­state trav­el with the con­sent or autho­riza­tion of a par­ent, guardian or custodian;
  4. engaged in, going to or return­ing home from an employ­ment activ­i­ty with­out any detour or stop;
  5. involved in an emergency;
  6. on the side­walk abut­ting the minor’s residence;
  7. engaged in, going to or return­ing home from offi­cial school, reli­gious or oth­er recre­ation­al activ­i­ty super­vised by adults, spon­sored by a civic orga­ni­za­tion, or anoth­er sim­i­lar enti­ty that takes respon­si­bil­i­ty for the minor;
  8. exer­cis­ing First Amend­ment rights pro­tect­ed by the Unit­ed States Con­sti­tu­tion; or
  9. eman­ci­pat­ed pur­suant to law.

As used in this Arti­cle unless the con­text requires oth­er­wise the fol­low­ing words and phras­es shall mean: 

COUNTY CURFEW HOURS means the peri­od of time spec­i­fied in Sec­tion 26–1‑12 of the Chapter.

COURT means the 1st Judi­cial Circuit;Union County,Illinois.

CUSTODIAN means:

  • a per­son who under court order is the cus­to­di­an of the per­son of a minor or
  • a pub­lic or pri­vate agency with which the court has placed a minor or
  • a per­son act­ing in the role of a par­ent by rea­son of a pri­vate agree­ment, arrange­ment, cus­tom or habit.

EMERGENCY means an unfore­seen com­bi­na­tion of cir­cum­stances or the result­ing state that calls for imme­di­ate action.  The term includes, but is not lim­it­ed to, fire, nat­ur­al dis­as­ter, auto­mo­bile acci­dent, med­ical emer­gency or any sit­u­a­tion requir­ing imme­di­ate action to pre­vent seri­ous bod­i­ly injury or loss of life. 

ESTABLISHMENT means any pri­vate­ly owned place of busi­ness to which the pub­lic is invit­ed, includ­ing but not lim­it­ed to any place of amuse­ment or entertainment.

GUARDIAN means:

  • par­ent or
  • a per­son who under court order is the guardian of the per­son of a minor; or
  • a pub­lic or pri­vate agency with which the court has placed a minor.

MINOR means a per­son under eigh­teen (18) years of age.

PARENT means a per­son who is a nat­ur­al par­ent, adop­tive par­ent, or step-par­ent of anoth­er person.

PUBLIC PLACE means any place to which the pub­lic or a sub­stan­tial group of the pub­lic has access and includes, but is not lim­it­ed to, streets, high­ways, pub­lic ways, side­walks and the com­mon areas of schools, hos­pi­tals, apart­ment hous­es, office build­ings, trans­port facil­i­ties and shops.

RESPONSIBLE ADULT means a per­son at least eigh­teen (18) years of age, autho­rized by a par­ent, guardian or cus­to­di­an to have the care and cus­tody of a minor.

SERIOUS BODILY INJURY means bod­i­ly injury that cre­ates a sub­stan­tial risk of death or that caus­es death, seri­ous per­ma­nent dis­fig­ure­ment or pro­tract­ed loss or impair­ment of the func­tion of any bod­i­ly mem­ber or organ.

TRUANCY CURFEW HOURS means the peri­od of the day when the school the minor would nor­mal­ly attend is in ses­sion, on days when the school the minor would nor­mal­ly attend is in session.

TRUANT OFFICER means any offi­cer, appointee, employ­ee or oth­er agency of any school dis­trict or any fed­er­al, state or local gov­ern­ment, enti­ty or any agency there­of per­form­ing the duties of a tru­ant offi­cer under the Illi­nois Com­pul­so­ry Atten­dance Statute.  (105 ILCS 5/26–1 et seq.)

TRUANCY REVIEW BOARD means any agency or enti­ty estab­lished by any school dis­trict or any fed­er­al, state or local gov­ern­men­tal enti­ty or any coun­sel­ing or social agency or any com­bi­na­tion there­of rec­og­nized by the Coun­ty and/or the court as an agency which pro­vides ser­vice to improve edu­ca­tion per­for­mance and/or attendance.