Code of Ordinances

of Union County, Illinois.

Ordinance Chapter: Article VI - Adult Uses Regulated

It shall be unlaw­ful with­in a munic­i­pal­i­ty to locate an adult enter­tain­ment facil­i­ty with­in one thou­sand (1,000) feet of the prop­er­ty bound­aries of any school, day care cen­ter, ceme­tery, pub­lic park, for­est pre­serve, pub­lic hous­ing, and place of reli­gious worship.

For the pur­pos­es of this Sec­tion, “adult enter­tain­ment facil­i­ty” means:

(A) a striptease club or porno­graph­ic movie the­atre whose busi­ness is the com­mer­cial sale, dis­sem­i­na­tion, or dis­tri­b­u­tion of sex­u­al­ly explic­it mate­r­i­al, shows, or oth­er exhi­bi­tions or

(B) an adult book­store or adult video store in which twen­­­ty-five per­cent (25%) or more of its stock-in-trade, books, mag­a­zines, and films for sale, exhi­bi­tion, or view­ing on-premis­es are sex­u­al­ly explic­it mate­r­i­al.  (See 65 ILCS 5/11–5‑1.5)

This Arti­cle shall not be deemed to address pho­tographs, movies, video pre­sen­ta­tions, or any oth­er non-live performance.

It shall be unlaw­ful for any per­son to know­ing­ly or inten­tion­al­ly appear nude in a pub­lic place or in any oth­er place that is read­i­ly vis­i­ble to the pub­lic, except a place pro­vid­ed or set apart for nudi­ty.  It shall also be unlaw­ful for any per­son or enti­ty main­tain­ing, own­ing, or oper­at­ing any pub­lic place to oper­ate and to know­ing­ly, or with rea­son to know, per­mit or allow any per­son to appear nude in such pub­lic place, except a place pro­vid­ed or set apart for nudity.

As used in this Article:

(A) “Adult Ori­ent­ed Busi­ness” means an estab­lish­ment as defined in theCountyCode.

(B) “Enti­ty” means any pro­pri­etor­ship, part­ner­ship, cor­po­ra­tion, asso­ci­a­tion, busi­ness trust, joint ven­ture, joint-stock com­pa­ny, or oth­er for prof­it or not for prof­it organization.

(C) “Nude” means the show­ing of:

  1. Human male or female gen­i­tals or pubic area with less than a ful­ly opaque cov­er­ing; or
  2. Any por­tion of the anal cleft or cleav­age of the male or female but­tocks.  Attire that is insuf­fi­cient to com­ply with this require­ment includes, but is not lim­it­ed to, G‑strings, T‑backs, thongs, and any oth­er cloth­ing to cov­er­ing that does not com­plete­ly and opaque­ly cov­er the anal cleft or cleav­age of the male or female but­tocks; or
  3. The por­tion of the human female breast direct­ly or lat­er­al­ly below a point imme­di­ate­ly above the top of the are­o­la with less than a ful­ly opaque cov­er­ing; this def­i­n­i­tion shall include the entire low­er por­tion of the human female breast, but shall not include any por­tion of the cleav­age of the human female breast exhib­it­ed by a dress, blouse, shirt, leo­tard, bathing suit, or oth­er cloth­ing, pro­vid­ed the are­o­la is not exposed.

(D) “Per­son” mean any live human being aged ten (10) years of age or older.

(E) “Place Pro­vid­ed or Set Apart for Nudi­ty” means enclosed sin­gle sex pub­lic restrooms, enclosed sin­gle sex func­tion­al show­er, lock­er and/or dress­ing room facil­i­ties, enclosed motel rooms and hotel rooms designed and intend­ed for sleep­ing accom­mo­da­tions, doctor’s offices, por­tions of hos­pi­tals, and sim­i­lar places in which nudi­ty or expo­sure is nec­es­sar­i­ly and cus­tom­ar­i­ly expect­ed out­side of the home and sphere of pri­va­cy con­sti­tu­tion­al­ly pro­tect­ed there­in.  This term shall not be deemed to include places where a person’s con­duct of being nude is used for his or her prof­it or where being nude is used for the pro­mo­tion of busi­ness or is oth­er­wise com­mer­cial­ly exploited.

(F) “Pub­lic Place” means any loca­tion fre­quent­ed by the pub­lic, or where the pub­lic is present or like­ly to be present, or where a per­son may rea­son­ably be expect­ed to be observed by mem­bers of the pub­lic.  Pub­lic Places include, but are not lim­it­ed to, streets, side­walks, parks, beach­es, busi­ness and com­mer­cial estab­lish­ments (whether for prof­it or not for prof­it, whether open to the pub­lic at large, or whether entrance is lim­it­ed by a cov­er charge or mem­ber­ship require­ment), hotels, motels, restau­rants, night clubs, coun­try clubs, cabarets, and meet­ing facil­i­ties uti­lized by any reli­gious, social, fra­ter­nal or sim­i­lar orga­ni­za­tions.  Premis­es, or por­tions there­of, such as homes and hotel rooms, used sole­ly as a pri­vate res­i­dence, whether per­ma­nent or tem­po­rary in nature, shall not be deemed to be a pub­lic place.

(A) Pur­pose.  It is the pur­pose of this Arti­cle to reg­u­late pub­lic nudi­ty in order to pro­mote the health, safe­ty, morals, and gen­er­al wel­fare of the cit­i­zens of the Coun­ty.  The pro­vi­sions of this Arti­cle have nei­ther the pur­pose nor effect of impos­ing a lim­i­ta­tion or restric­tion on the con­tent of any com­mu­nica­tive materials.

(B) Find­ings.  The Coun­ty Board finds:

  1. Pub­lic places allow­ing nudi­ty lend them­selves to ancil­lary unlaw­ful and unhealthy activ­i­ties that are present­ly uncontrolled.
  2. Sex­u­al acts, includ­ing mas­tur­ba­tion, and oral and anal sex, occur at adult ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es, espe­cial­ly those which pro­vide pri­vate or semi-pri­­­vate booths or cubi­cles for view­ing films, videos, live sex shows or pub­lic nudity.
  3. Allow­ing pub­lic nudi­ty cre­ates unhealthy conditions.
  4. Per­sons fre­quent cer­tain adult the­aters, adult arcades, and oth­er adult ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es for the pur­pose of engag­ing in sex with­in the premis­es of such adult ori­ent­ed businesses.
  5. At least fifty (50) com­mu­ni­ca­ble dis­eases may be spread by activ­i­ties occur­ring in adult ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es involv­ing pub­lic nudi­ty, includ­ing, but not lim­it­ed to, syphilis, gon­or­rhea, human immun­od­e­fi­cien­cy virus infec­tion (HIV-AIDS), gen­i­tal her­pes, hepati­tis B, Non A, Non B ame­bi­a­sis, sal­mo­nel­la infec­tions and shigel­la infections.
  6. Since 1981 and to the present, there has been an increas­ing cumu­la­tive num­ber of report­ed cas­es of AIDS caused by the human immun­od­e­fi­cien­cy virus (HIV) in the­Unit­ed States.
  7. The Sur­geon Gen­er­al of the Unit­ed States in his report of Octo­ber 22, 1986, has advised the Amer­i­can pub­lic that AIDS and HIV infec­tion may be trans­mit­ted through sex­u­al con­tact, intra­venous drug abuse, expo­sure to infect­ed blood and blood com­po­nents, and from an infect­ed moth­er to her newborn.
  8. Accord­ing to the best sci­en­tif­ic evi­dence, AIDS and HIV infec­tion, as well as syphilis and gon­or­rhea, are prin­ci­pal­ly trans­mit­ted by sex­u­al acts.
  9. San­i­tary con­di­tions in some adult ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es and those places allow­ing pub­lic nudi­ty are unhealthy, in part, because the activ­i­ties con­duct­ed there are unhealthy, and, in part, because of the unreg­u­lat­ed nature of the activ­i­ties, includ­ing nudi­ty, and the fail­ure of the own­ers and the oper­a­tors of the facil­i­ties to self-reg­u­late those activ­i­ties and main­tain those facilities.
  10. Numer­ous stud­ies and reports have deter­mined that semen is found in the areas of adult ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es allow­ing pub­lic nudi­ty and where per­sons view “adult” ori­ent­ed films.
  11. The find­ings not­ed in para­graphs (1) through (10) raise sub­stan­tial gov­ern­men­tal concerns.
  12. Pub­lic places allow­ing nudi­ty have oper­a­tional char­ac­ter­is­tics which should be rea­son­ably reg­u­lat­ed in order to pro­tect those sub­stan­tial gov­ern­men­tal concerns.
  13. The gen­er­al wel­fare, health, morals and safe­ty of the cit­i­zens of the Coun­ty will be pro­mot­ed by the enact­ment of this Arti­cle.