Smok­ing cre­ates the haz­ard of injury to the per­son­al health of those in the envi­ron­ment of such smoke as well as the poten­tial of dam­age to prop­er­ty that may result from the incen­di­ary nature of such activ­i­ty.  It has been deter­mined that breath­ing ambi­ent smoke is a health haz­ard to both smok­ers and non­smok­ers.  Cig­a­rette smok­ing also pro­duces sev­er­al sub­stances that are con­sid­ered haz­ardous to health includ­ing car­bon monox­ide, hydro­gen cyanide, nitrous oxide and formalde­hyde.  Sec­ond­hand smoke (68% of the total smoke pro­duced by a cig­a­rette) affects the health of the bystander, inter­fer­ing with res­pi­ra­to­ry tract defens­es, often caus­ing non­smok­ers to have aller­gic or irri­ta­tive reac­tions, and is a known cause of lung cancer.

Because the haz­ards of smok­ing have a poten­tial­ly harm­ful effect, mate­r­i­al and direct, on the pub­lic health, safe­ty, wel­fare, com­fort, and prop­er­ty of res­i­dents of the Coun­ty, it is nec­es­sary and desir­able to estab­lish reg­u­la­tions that pro­hib­it smok­ing in all enclosed pub­lic places, in all enclosed places of employ­ment, near entrances to all such pub­lic places and places of employ­ment, in and near open air pub­lic din­ing areas, and with­in cer­tain unen­closed pub­lic places includ­ing school grounds, parks and recre­ation areas and out­door venues.