(A) Pur­pose.  It is the pur­pose of this Code to reg­u­late sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es in order to pro­mote the health, safe­ty, morals, and gen­er­al wel­fare of the cit­i­zens of the Coun­ty, and to estab­lish rea­son­able and uni­form reg­u­la­tions to pre­vent the dele­te­ri­ous loca­tion and con­cen­tra­tion of sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es with­in the Coun­ty.  The pro­vi­sions of this Code have nei­ther the pur­pose nor effect of impos­ing a lim­i­ta­tion or restric­tion on the con­tent of any com­mu­nica­tive mate­ri­als, includ­ing sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed mate­ri­als.  Sim­i­lar­ly, it is nei­ther the intent nor effect of this Code to restrict or deny access by adults to sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed mate­ri­als pro­tect­ed by the First Amend­ment, or to deny access by the dis­trib­u­tors and exhibitors of sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed enter­tain­ment to their intend­ed mar­ket.  Nei­ther is it the intent nor effect of this Code to con­done or legit­imize the dis­tri­b­u­tion of obscene material.

(B) Find­ings.  Based on evi­dence con­cern­ing the adverse sec­ondary effects of adult uses on the com­mu­ni­ty pre­sent­ed in hear­ings and in reports made avail­able to the Coun­cil, and on find­ings incor­po­rat­ed in the cas­es of City of Ren­ton v. Play­time The­atres, Inc., 475 U.S. 41 (1986), Young v. Amer­i­can Mini The­atres, 426 U.S. 50 (1976), Barnes v. Glen The­atre, Inc., 501 U.S. 560 (1991), City of Erie v. Pap’s A.M., TDA “Kandy­land”, 529 U.S. 277 (2000), and City of Los Ange­les v. Alame­da Books, Inc. 121 S. Ct. 1223 (2001) and on stud­ies in oth­er com­mu­ni­ties includ­ing, but not lim­it­ed to, Phoenix, Ari­zona; Min­neapo­lis, Min­neso­ta; Hous­ton, Texas; Indi­anapo­lis, Indi­ana; Amar­il­lo, Texas; Gar­den Grove, Cal­i­for­nia; Los Ange­les, Cal­i­for­nia; Whit­ti­er, Cal­i­for­nia; Austin, Texas; Seat­tle, Wash­ing­ton; Okla­homa City, Okla­homa; Cleve­land, Ohio; and Beau­mont, Texas; and also on find­ings from the Report of the Attor­ney General’s Work­ing Group On The Reg­u­la­tion of Sex­u­al­ly Ori­ent­ed Busi­ness­es, (June 6, 1989, State of Min­neso­ta), the Board finds:

  1. Sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es lend them­selves to ancil­lary unlaw­ful and unhealthy activ­i­ties that are present­ly uncon­trolled by the oper­a­tors of the estab­lish­ments.  Fur­ther, there is present­ly no mech­a­nism to make the own­ers of these estab­lish­ments respon­si­ble for the activ­i­ties that occur on their premises.
  2. Cer­tain employ­ees of sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es defined in this Code as adult the­atres and cabarets engage in high­er inci­dence of cer­tain types of illic­it sex­u­al behav­ior than employ­ees of oth­er establishments.
  3. Sex­u­al acts, includ­ing mas­tur­ba­tion, and oral and anal sex, occur at sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es, espe­cial­ly those which 
    pro­vide pri­vate or semi-pri­­vate booths or cubi­cles for view­ing films, videos, or live sex shows.
  4. Offer­ing and pro­vid­ing such space encour­ages such activ­i­ties, which cre­ates unhealthy conditions.
  5. Per­sons fre­quent cer­tain adult the­atres, adult arcades, and oth­er sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es for the pur­pose of engag­ing in sex with­in the premis­es of such sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed businesses.
  6. At least fifty (50) com­mu­ni­ca­ble dis­eases may be spread by activ­i­ties occur­ring in sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es, includ­ing, but not lim­it­ed to, syphilis, gon­or­rhea, human immun­od­e­fi­cien­cy virus infec­tion (HIV-AIDS), gen­i­tal her­pes, hepati­tis B, Non A, Non B ame­bi­a­sis, sal­mo­nel­la infec­tions and shigel­la infections.
  7. Since 1981 and to the present, there has been an increas­ing cumu­la­tive num­ber of report­ed cas­es of AIDS caused by the human immun­od­e­fi­cien­cy virus (HIV) in the Unit­ed States — 600 in 1982, 2,200 in 1983, 4,600 in 1984, 8,555 in 1985 and 253,448 through Decem­ber 31, 1992.
  8. As of 2003, there have been 30,139 report­ed cased of AIDS in the State of Illi­nois.  (The Hen­ry J. Kaiser Fam­i­ly Foun­da­tion as seen at www.statehealthfacts.kff.org)
  9. Since 1981 and to the present, there have been an increas­ing cumu­la­tive num­ber of per­sons test­ing pos­i­tive for the HIV anti­body test in the State of Illinois.
  10. The num­ber of cas­es of ear­ly (less than one (1) year) syphilis in the­Unit­ed States report­ed annu­al­ly has risen, with 33,613 cas­es report­ed in 1982 and 45,200 through Novem­ber of 1990.
  11. The num­ber of cas­es of gon­or­rhea in the­Unit­ed States report­ed annu­al­ly remains at a high lev­el, with over one-half mil­lion cas­es being report­ed in 1990.
  12. The sur­geon gen­er­al of the­Unit­ed States in his report of Octo­ber 22, 1986, has advised the Amer­i­can pub­lic that AIDS and HIV infec­tion may be trans­mit­ted through sex­u­al con­tact, intra­venous drug abuse, expo­sure to infect­ed blood and blood com­po­nents, and from an infect­ed moth­er to her newborn.
  13. Accord­ing to the best sci­en­tif­ic evi­dence, AIDS and HIV infec­tion, as well as syphilis and gon­or­rhea, are prin­ci­pal­ly trans­mit­ted by sex­u­al acts.
  14. San­i­tary con­di­tions in some sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es are unhealthy, in part, because the activ­i­ties con­duct­ed there are unhealthy, and, in part, because of the unreg­u­lat­ed nature of the activ­i­ties and the fail­ure of the own­ers and the 
    oper­a­tors of the facil­i­ties to self-reg­u­late those activ­i­ties and main­tain those facilities.
  15. Numer­ous stud­ies and reports have deter­mined that semen is found in the areas of sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es where per­sons view “adult” ori­ent­ed films.
  16. The find­ings not­ed in para­graphs num­ber 1 through 15 raise sub­stan­tial gov­ern­men­tal concerns.
  17. Sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es have oper­a­tional char­ac­ter­is­tics which should be rea­son­ably reg­u­lat­ed in order to pro­tect those sub­stan­tial gov­ern­men­tal concerns.
  18. A rea­son­able licens­ing pro­ce­dure is an appro­pri­ate mech­a­nism to place the bur­den of that rea­son­able reg­u­la­tion on the own­ers and the oper­a­tors of the sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es.  Fur­ther, such a licens­ing pro­ce­dure will place a hereto­fore nonex­is­tent incen­tive on the oper­a­tors to see that the sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed busi­ness is run in a man­ner con­sis­tent with the health, safe­ty and wel­fare of its patrons and employ­ees, as well as the cit­i­zens of the Coun­ty.  It is appro­pri­ate to require rea­son­able assur­ances that the licensee is the actu­al oper­a­tor of the sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed busi­ness, full in pos­ses­sion and con­trol of the premis­es and activ­i­ties occur­ring therein.
  19. Removal of doors on adult booths and requir­ing suf­fi­cient light­ing on premis­es with adult booths advances a sub­stan­tial gov­ern­men­tal inter­est in curb­ing the ille­gal and unsan­i­tary sex­u­al activ­i­ty occur­ring in adult theatres.
  20. Requir­ing licensees of sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed busi­ness­es to keep infor­ma­tion regard­ing cur­rent employ­ees and cer­tain past employ­ees will help reduce the inci­dence of cer­tain types of crim­i­nal behav­ior by facil­i­tat­ing the iden­ti­fi­ca­tion of poten­tial wit­ness­es or sus­pects and by pre­vent­ing minors from work­ing in such establishments.
  21. The dis­clo­sure of cer­tain infor­ma­tion by those per­sons ulti­mate­ly respon­si­ble for the day-to-day oper­a­tion and main­te­nance of the sex­u­al­ly ori­ent­ed busi­ness, where such infor­ma­tion is sub­stan­tial­ly relat­ed to the sig­nif­i­cant gov­ern­men­tal inter­est in the oper­a­tion of such uses, will aid in pre­vent­ing the spread of sex­u­al­ly trans­mit­ted diseases.
  22. It is desir­able in the pre­ven­tion of the spread of com­mu­ni­ca­ble dis­eases to obtain a lim­it­ed amount of infor­ma­tion regard­ing cer­tain employ­ees who may engage in the con­duct which this Code is designed to pre­vent or who are like­ly to be wit­ness­es to such activity.
  23. The fact that an appli­cant for an adult use license has been con­vict­ed of a sex­u­al­ly relat­ed crime leads to the ratio­nal 
    assump­tion that the appli­cant may engage in that con­duct in con­tra­ven­tion of this Code.
  24. The bar­ring of such indi­vid­u­als from the man­age­ment of adult uses for a peri­od of years serves as a deter­rent to and pre­vents con­duct which leads to the trans­mis­sion of sex­u­al­ly trans­mit­ted diseases.
  25. The gen­er­al wel­fare, health, morals and safe­ty of the cit­i­zens of the Coun­ty will be pro­mot­ed by the enact­ment of this Code.